Hesperos application

hesperos

A plugin to manually or semi-automatically segment medical data and correct previous segmentation data.


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    A Napari plugin for pre-defined manual segmentation or semi-automatic segmentation with a one-shot learning procedure. The objective was to simplify the interface as much as possible so that the user can concentrate on annotation tasks using a pen on a tablet, or a mouse on a computer.

    This napari plugin was generated with Cookiecutter using @napari's cookiecutter-napari-plugin template.

    The Hesperos plugin is designed to run on Windows (11 or less) and MacOS with Python 3.8 / 3.9 / 3.10.

    Automatic installation

    1. Install Anaconda and unselect Add to PATH. Keep in mind the path where you choose to install anaconda.

    2. Only download the script_files folder for Windows or Macos.

    3. Add your Anaconda path in these script files:

      1. For Windows: Right click on the .bat files (for installation and running) and select Modify. Change PATH_TO_ADD with your Anaconda path. Then save the changes.

        for exemple:

        anaconda_dir=C:\Users\chgodard\anaconda3
      2. For Macos:
        1. Right click on the .command files (for installation and running) and select Open with TextEdit. Change PATH_TO_ADD with your Anaconda path. Then save the changes.

          for exemple:

          source ~/opt/anaconda3/etc/profile.d/conda.sh
        2. In your terminal, change the permissions to allow the following .command files to be run (change PATH with the path of your .command files):
          chmod u+x PATH/install_hesperos_env.command 
          chmod u+x PATH/run_hesperos.command 
    4. Double click on the install_hesperos_env file to create a virtual environment in Anaconda with python 3.9 and Napari 0.4.14.

      /!\ The Hesperos plugin is not yet compatible with Napari versions superior to 0.4.14.

    5. Double click on the run_hesperos file to run Napari from your virtual environment.

    6. In Napari:

      1. Go to Plugins/Install Plugins...
      2. Search for "hesperos" (it can take a while to load).
      3. Install the hesperos plugin.
      4. When the installation is done, close Napari. A restart of Napari is required to finish the plugin installation.
    7. Double click on the run_hesperos file to run Napari.

    8. In Napari, use the Hesperos plugin with Plugins/hesperos.

    Manual installation

    1. Install Anaconda and unselect Add to PATH.
    2. Open your Anaconda prompt command.
    3. Create a virtual environment with Python 3.8 / 3.9 / 3.10:
      conda create -n hesperos_env python=3.9
    4. Install the required Python packages in your virtual environment:
      conda activate hesperos_env
      conda install -c conda-forge napari=0.4.14 
      conda install -c anaconda pyqt
      pip install hesperos

      /!\ Hesperos plugin is not yet compatible with napari version superior to 0.4.14.

    5. Launch Napari:
      napari

    Upgrade Hesperos version

    1. Double click on the run_hesperos file to run Napari.
    2. In Napari:
      1. Go to Plugins/Install Plugins...

      2. Search for "hesperos" (it can take a while to load).

      3. Click on Update if a new version of Hesperos has been found. You can check the latest version of Hesperos in the Napari Hub.

      4. When the installation is done, close Napari. A restart of Napari is required to finish the plugin installation.

    The Manual Segmentation and Correction mode of the Hesperos plugin is a simplified and optimized interface to do basic 2D manual segmentation of several structures in a 3D image using a mouse or a stylet with a tablet.

    Import and adjust your image (use Panel 1)

    The Hesperos plugin can be used with Digital Imaging and COmmunications in Medicine (DICOM), Neuroimaging Informatics Technology Initiative (NIfTI) or Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) images. To improve performances, use images that are located on your own disk.

    1. To import data:
      • use the button for (.tiff, .tif, .nii or .nii.gz) image files.
      • use the button for a DICOM serie. /!\ Folder with multiple DICOM series is not supported.
    2. After the image has loaded, a slider appears that allows to zoom in/out: . Zooming is also possible with the button in the layer controls panel.
    3. If your data is a DICOM serie, you have the possibility to directly change the contrast of the image (according to the Hounsfield Unit):
      • by choosing one of the two predefined contrasts: CT bone or CT Soft in .
      • by creating a custom default contrast with the button and selecting Custom Contrast. Settings can be exported as a .json file with the button.
      • by loading a saved default contrast with the button and selecting Custom Contrast.
    4. In the bottom left corner of the application you also have the possibility to:
      • : change the order of the visible axis (for example go to sagittal, axial or coronal planes).
      • : transpose the 3D image on the current axis being displayed.

    Layer controls

    When data is loading, two layers are created: the image layer and the annotations layer. Order in the layer list correspond to the overlayed order. By clicking on these layers you will have acces to different layer controls (at the top left corner of the application). All actions can be undone/redone with the Ctrl-Z/Shift-Ctrl-Z keyboard shortcuts. You can also hide a layer by clicking on its eye icon on the layer list.

    For the image layer:

    • opacity: a slider to control the global opacity of the layer.
    • contrast limits: a double slider to manually control the contrast of the image (same as the option for DICOM data).

    For the annotations layer:

    • : erase brush to erase all labels at once (if preserve labels is not selected) or only erase the selected label (if preserve labels is selected).

    • : paint brush with the same color than the label rectangle.

    • : fill bucket with the same color than the label rectangle.

    • : select to zoom in and out with the mouse wheel (same as the zoom slider at the top right corner in Panel 1).

    • label: a colored rectangle to represent the selected label.

    • opacity: a slider to control the global opacity of the layer.

    • brush size limits: a slider to control size of the paint/erase brush.

    • preserve labels: if selected, all actions are applied only on the selected label (see the label rectangle); if not selected, actions are applied on all labels.

    • show selected: if selected, only the selected label will be display on the layer; if not selected, all labels are displayed.

    Remark: a second option for filling has been added

    1. Drawn the egde of a closed shape with the paint brush mode.
    2. Double click to activate the fill bucket.
    3. Click inside the closed area to fill it.
    4. Double click on the filled area to deactivate the fill bucket and reactivate the paint brush mode.

    Annotate your image (use Panel 2)

    Manual annotation and correction on the segmented file is done using the layer controls of the annotations layer. Click on the layer to display them. /!\ You have to choose a structure to start annotating (see 2.).

    1. To modify an existing segmentation, you can directy open the segmented file with the button. The file needs to have the same dimensions as the original image.

      /!\ Only .tiff, .tif, .nii and .nii.gz files are supported as segmented files.

    2. Choose a structure to annotate in the drop-down menu

      • Fetus: to annotate pregnancy image.
      • Shoulder: to annotate bones and muscles for shoulder surgery.
      • Shoulder Bones: to annotate only few bones for shoulder surgery.
      • Feta Challenge: to annotate fetal brain MRI with the same label than the FeTA Challenge (see ADD LIEN WEB).

    When selecting a structure, a new panel appears with a list of elements to annotate. Each element has its own label and color. Select one element in the list to automatically activate the paint brush mode with the corresponding color (color is updated in the label rectangle in the layer controls panel).

    1. All actions can be undone with the button or Ctrl-Z.

    2. If you need to work on a specific slice of your 3D image, but also have to explore the volume to understand some complex structures, you can use the locking option to facilitate the annotation task.

      • To activate the functionality:
        1. Go to the slice of interest.
        2. Click on the button => will change the button to and save the layer index.
        3. Scroll in the z-axis to explore the data (with the mouse wheel or the slider under the image).
        4. To go back to your slice of interest, click on the button.
      • To deactivate the functionality (or change the locked slice index):
        1. Go to the locked slice.
        2. Click on the button => change the button to and "unlock" the slice.

    Select slices of interest (use Panel 3 -- only displayed for the Shoulder Bones category)

    This panel will only be displayed if the Shoulder Bones category is selected. A maxiumum of 10 slices can be selected in a 3D image and the corresponding z-indexes will be integrated in the metadata during the exportation of the segmentation file.

    /!\ Metadata integration is available only for exported .tiff and .tif files and with the Unique save option.

    • : to add the currently displayed z-index in the drop-down menu.
    • : to remove the currently displayed z-index from the drop-down menu.
    • : to go to the z-index selected in the drop-down menu. The icon will be checked when the currently displayed z-index matches the selected z-index in the drop-down menu.
    • : a drop-down menu containing the list of selected z-indexes. Select a z-index from the list to work with it more easily.

    Export annotations (use Panel 3 -- or 4 if the Shoulder Bones category is selected)

    1. Annotations can be exported as .tif, .tiff, .nii or .nii.gz file with the button in one of the two following saving mode:
      • Unique: segmented data is exported as a unique 3D image with corresponding label ids (1-2-3-...). This file can be re-opened in the application.
      • Several: segmented data is exported as several binary 3D images (0 or 255), one for each label id.
    2. : delete annotation data.
    3. Automatic segmentation backup: if selected, the segmentation data will be automatically exported as a unique 3D image when the image slice is changed.

      /!\ This process can slow down the display if the image is large.

    The OneShot Segmentation mode of the Hesperos plugin is a 2D version of the VoxelLearning method implemented in DIVA (see our Github and the latest article Guérinot, C., Marcon, V., Godard, C., et al. (2022). New Approach to Accelerated Image Annotation by Leveraging Virtual Reality and Cloud Computing. Frontiers in Bioinformatics. doi:10.3389/fbinf.2021.777101).

    The principle is to accelerate the segmentation without prior information. The procedure consists of:

    1. A rapid tagging of few pixels in the image with two labels: one for the structure of interest (named positive tags), and one for the other structures (named negative tags).
    2. A training of a simple random forest classifier with these tagged pixels and their features (mean, gaussian, ...).
    3. An inference of all the pixels of the image to automatically segment the structure of interest. The output is a probability image (0-255) of belonging to a specific class.
    4. Iterative corrections if needed.

    Import and adjust your image (use Panel 1)

    Same panel as the Manual Segmentation and Correction mode (see panel 1 description).

    Annotate your image (use Panel 2)

    Annotations and corrections on the segmented file is done using the layer controls of the annotations layer. Click on the layer to display them. Only two labels are available: Structure of interest and Other.

    The rapid manual tagging step of the one-shot learning method aims to learn and attribute different features to each label. To achieve that, the user has to:

    • with the label Structure of interest, tag few pixels of the structure of interest.
    • with the label Other, tag the greatest diversity of uninteresting structures in the 3D image (avoid tagging too much pixels).

    see the exemple image with Structure of interest label in red and Other label in cyan.

    1. To modify an existing segmentation, you can directy open the segmented file with the button. The file needs to have the same dimensions as the original image.

      /!\ Only .tiff, .tif, .nii and .nii.gz files are supported as segmented files.

    2. All actions can be undone with the button or Ctrl-Z.

    Run automatic segmentation (use Panel 3)

    From the previously tagged pixels, features are extracted and used to train a basic classifier : the Random Forest Classifier (RFC). When the training of the pixel classifier is done, it is applied to each pixel of the complete volume and outputs a probability to belong to the structure of interest.

    To run training and inference, click on the button:

    1. You will be asked to save a .pckl file which corresponds to the model.
    2. A new status will appears under the Panel 4 : Computing.... You must wait for the message to change to: Ready before doing anything in the application (otherwise the application may freeze or crash).
    3. When the processing is done, two new layers will appear:
      • the probabilities layer which corresponds to the direct probability (between 0 and 1) of a pixel to belong to the structure of interest. This layer is disabled by default, to enable it click on its eye icon in the layer list.
      • the segmented probabilities layer which corresponds to a binary image obtained from the probability image normed and thresholded according to a value manually defined with the Probability threshold slider: .

    Remark: If the output is not perfect, you have two possibilities to improve the result:

    1. Add some tags with the paint brush to take in consideration unintersting structures or add information in critical areas of your structure of interest (such as in thin sections). Then, run the training and inference process again. /!\ This will overwrite all previous segmentation data.
    2. Export your segmentation data and re-open it with the Manual Annotation and Correction mode of Hesperos to manually erase or add annotations.

    Export annotations (use Panel 4)

    1. Segmented probabilites can be exported as .tif, .tiff, .nii or .nii.gz file with the button. The image is exported as a unique 3D binary image (value 0 and 255). This file can be re-opened in the application for correction.
    2. Probabilities can be exported as .tif, .tiff, .nii or .nii.gz file with the button as a unique 3D image. The probabilities image is normed between 0 and 255.
    3. : delete annotation data.

    Distributed under the terms of the BSD-3 license, Hesperos is a free and open source software.

    Version:

    • 0.1.36

    Release date:

    • 30 November 2022

    First released:

    • 30 May 2022

    License:

    • BSD-3-Clause

    Supported data:

    • Information not submitted

    Plugin type:

    GitHub activity:

    • Stars: 1
    • Forks: 1
    • Issues + PRs: 0

    Python versions supported:

    Operating system:

    Requirements:

    • numpy
    • qtpy
    • tifffile
    • scikit-image
    • scikit-learn
    • SimpleITK
    • pandas
    • napari (<0.4.15)
    • napari-plugin-engine
    • imageio-ffmpeg

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